Motorola’s AN-749 is a classic app. note that describes the principles of broadband transformers for RF amplifiers. It also covers broadband combiners for RF amplifiers. This is a very relevant app note for amateur radio enthusiasts that want to build their own solid state amplifiers.
Må ha support for C# utvikling installert i VSCODE. Hvis det er et eldre prosjekt som man henter opp som er laget i Visual Studio så må man ha C# Dev kit installert siden det støtter MSBUILD projects osv. https://code.visualstudio.com/docs/languages/csharp ### Må sjekke at ikke det er feil versjon av dotnet som kjøres med kommando dotnet --info Installering i et CMD vindu kan skje med winget: https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/core/install/windows?tabs=net70 ### X86 path kan være fær X64 path. Rekkefølgen på path prioriteres Sjekk PATH ! IKke bare PATH for ALLE brukere, men sjekk path for DIN bruker https://github.com/dotnet/core/issues/5962#issuecomment-780084535 MRK denne tutorialen fokuserer på SYSTEM PATH men det var YOUR ACCOUNT PATH som var feil Hvis path peker til x86 versjonen av dotnet mens du har installert dev packs osv for X64 versjonen av dotnet så får du feilmeldinger i VSCODE Må ha core dev installert List hva som er installert med "dotnet --list-sdks" ### Må modde .csproj fila i det opprinnelige prosjektet for å få kopmpilert med VSCODE https://github.com/dotnet/msbuild/issues/5787 <Project Sdk="Microsoft.NET.Sdk"> <PropertyGroup> <OutputType>Exe</OutputType> <TargetFramework>net48</TargetFramework> <GenerateResourceUsePreserializedResources>true</GenerateResourceUsePreserializedResources> </PropertyGroup> <ItemGroup> <PackageReference Include="System.Resources.Extensions" Version="5.0.0" /> </ItemGroup> </Project> ### Måtte konvertere .csprj fila til nytt format som VSCODE ville godta (fikk build feilmelding) Brukte dette toolet på kommandolinje: https://treit.github.io/c%23,/programming/2019/02/18/ConvertingCsProjectsToNewSdkFormat.html dotnet tool install --global Project2015To2017.Migrate2017.Tool conv HelloWorld.csproj Litt mer info om konvertering til nytt CSPROJ format: https://www.hanselman.com/blog/upgrading-an-existing-net-project-files-to-the-lean-new-csproj-format-from-net-core
Icom Tune Control Plug – – Credit goes to KC2WI
According to KC2WI: An easy way to put most Icom radios into 10W CW for adjusting a manual tuner is with a tune control plug. All you need to make one is a pushbutton, 10K* resistor, and 4-pin Molex connector.** Connect the 10K resistor between pins 2 & 3, and the pushbutton between pins 1 & 4.
If you add a SPST switch in series with the resistor, you can switch the radio between using or bypassing the internal tuner without having to disconnect the tune controller.
My IC-746pro will switch between internal and external tuner without power cycling the radio. When you switch the “external” tuner in, the internal tuner is bypassed, but it remembers the last setting. So you could have an antenna that is resonant at one frequency, matchable with the internal tuner on another, and matchable with an external manual transmatch on another. If your transmatch has a bypass position, you could rapidly switch between 3 different frequencies/bands without ever having to actually retune.
This may also work on some other Icoms. However, my 706 will not recognize that a “tuner” is connected unless it is connected when the radio is powered on. I haven’t tried it on other radios. See note below for the IC-7000***.
diagram created using Kunky Schematic Drawing
|Radio Shack:||RS 274-224|
|DigiKey:||Connector: WM1326-ND Molex 03-09-2042 Connector Plug Housing, 4-pin|
Pins for Connector: WM1100-ND Molex 02-09-2103
*For this simple pushbutton circuit you can also modify a male computer internal power connector (from a hard drive, CD drive, power extender cable, etc.). The pin spacing is identical but the keying of the housing is different. Just snip off some of the plastic from the housing so the connector fits on the radio. It won’t have the proper keying but it doesn’t matter because the connections are symmetrical.*** So you can basically make the whole thing from junk box parts.
**Other schematics show 47K or 100K.
***IC-7000 Caution: There has been some discussion about differences between the IC-7000 and other radios, and possible dangers of using tune controls designed for other Icoms on the 7000. One main issue appears to be that improper loading of or voltage on pin 1 will cause a malfunction of the fan control circuit leading to overheating. Note that pin 1 in the circuit above is open except during the tune activation. There is also a caution that connecting pin 2 to 12V is a problem because pin 2 has snubber diodes connected to the 5V bus. See the thread at groups.yahoo.com/group/ic7000/message/30151. AD5X presents an alternate circuit which incorporates a zener diode between pin 2 and 4 to limit the voltage (seewww.ad5x.com/images/Articles/TuningIntfc706.pdf). If you build the circuit with the diode note that having a proper keyed connector becomes important. If you use it with tthe SPST int-ext switch I would put the diode between pin 4 and the switch end of the resistor rather htan direct to pin 2. Steve W3AHL has made some measurements on the IC-7000 which suggest that the resistor should be a higher value than 10K. AD5X uses 47K.
Icom Autotuner Connector pinout:
Pin 1 is the KEY pin, when the ‘TUNE’ button is pressed, it’s pulled low by the tuner to tell the radio to start transmitting. This is the green wire on the AH-4 cable.
Pin 2 is the START pin to/from the microprocessor. Under normal circumstances the START pin is pulled high when a remote tuner is attached to tell the radio that the tuner is present. When you press ‘TUNE’ the radio pulls the pin low telling the tuner to start the matching sequence. This is the white wire on the AH-4 cable.
Pin 3 is POWER rated for 1 amp max and switches on and off with the radio. This is the red wire on the AH-4 cable.
Pin 4 is ground. This is the black wire on the AH-4 cable.
Additional Information and References:
Original pushbutton circuit – pictorial diagram at http://www.hampedia.net/icom/ic-718-tune-controller-mod.php
Simple timer circuit info: http://www.hampedia.net/icom/ic-706-10-watt-tune-modification-an-icom-ic706-tune-trigger.php
Info on KG6MVB and AB2CT timer circuits: www.qsl.net/kg6mvb/tuner.html
Credit goes to KC2WI for this info. Use at your OWN risk.
Source / reference: G3TXW
Here is an overview of what configuration of LC matching networks for RF applications you should use based on where on your Smith chart the load (antenna impedance) is located. Tricks: to place the series reactive element closest to where the resistance is lower. Since you know you also need a parallel reactive element, that comes furthest away from where the resistance is lowest. In most cases for HF / antenna / amateur radio applications the antenna resistance is higher than 50 ohms. However take care to correct for the impedance transformation that occurs along the feedline to the antenna.
Credit for the illustrations: VA3IUL
Here is VA3IULS PDF document:
Found this nice overview online. However the author seems to have the source and loads flipped so I took the liberty to do an edit.
FT8 is unfortunately impacting amateur radio negatively. CW and SSB activity goes down and the modes that require serious skills to operate are not practiced. FT8 can today run fully automated QSOs. However FT8 is interesting from a technical view. Advanced techniques such as FFT, correlation, 7×7 Costas matrixes are used to synchronize, error correct and decode data. Here is an interesting presentation that gives you a lot of the the technical details. (Reference / Full credit to WB2FKO Mike Hasselbeck)
Here is a good and basic single supply OPAMP circuit cookbook from Texas Instruments.
Download the PDF HERE :Single-supply-op-amp-circuits
Lurer du på hvor masten som ditt 4G / LTE modem er koplet til er lokalisert? (LTE Cell ID database with locations, Norway).
Maybe this can help: I found a comprehensive database that contains approx 147000 lines at https://opencellid.org/ This dataset is made publicly available by Opencellid for download.
Here is the cell id data I downloaded for Norway:
Rename the file to 242.csv (it has a txt extension) and open it or import it in Excel.
You can then find lat and long position from the Excel cheet
Then enter that lat / long (with decimals and add E and N after the numbers) into the search field of Google maps
This is a good article that describes the use of the SA612 / NE602 mixer
PDF here -> UsingTheNe602